THE VALUE OF COMPETENCE-BASED APPROACH IN THE PREPARATION OF DENTAL HYGIENISTS

  • V.M. Kosenko CHEI "Zhytomyr Nursing Institute"
Keywords: professional training, dental hygienist, competence.

Abstract

The relevance of the study: Rapid development of prophylactic direction in dental science, use of information and communication technologies in all areas of life require not only the formation of certain knowledge and skills in students, including dental hygienists, but also common (universal) and specific (professional) competences.

Objective is to determine the competency-based approach value in dental hygienists training.

The main tasks arento achieve the goal include studying the national and international sources for the research topic; identifying common and specific competences; conducting a survey of teachers and students of the department of "Dentistry" of Zhytomyr Nursing Institute on the importance of general and specific competencies in dental hygienists training; describing the role of competency-based approach in junior specialists training (5.12010104 "Dentistry").

Scientific novelty: List of general and professional competencies is compiled and their importance in the preparation of dental hygienists is analyzed.

Practical value: Competency-based approach is recommended to be introduced into the educational process of "Dentistry"department of Zhytomyr Nursing Institute.

Material and Methods: We conducted a survey of 28 teachers and 77 students of the "Dentistry" department of Zhytomyr Nursing Institute to determine the importance of the proposed competencies for further professional activity.

The following research methods are used in the study: method of semantic analysis, system analysis and logic synthesis, surveys, questionnaires, mathematical methods for processing the collected data. They are used alone and in various combinations.

Results and discussion: From the Tuning project, we have selected 10 common competencies. This list includes: the ability to act as socially responsible and conscious citizens, the ability to communicate in their native language in both oral and written form, the ability to communicate in a foreign language, information and communication technology skills, ability to learn and be trained according to the modern standards, ability to plan and manage their time, the ability to be critical and self-critical, the ability to work in an international context, the ability to search, process and analyze information from different sources, interpersonal interaction skills.

The study revealed that teachers consider the following general competencies the most important: the ability to learn and be trained according to the modern standards (64.3%); ability to communicate in their native language both orally and in writing (71.4%); the ability to search, process and analyze information from different sources (28.5%); ability to be critical and self-critical (39.3%); ability to communicate in a foreign language (39.3%).

Students also identified the paramount general competencies. They are the ability to learn and be trained according to the modern standards (58.4%); ability to use information and communication technologies (36.4%); ability to communicate in a foreign language (25.9%); the ability to search, process and analyze information from different sources (31.2%); ability to be critical and self-critical (28.6%).

Special competences are the indicators to determine the readiness of graduates for professional life.

The proposed professional competencies were the ability to use the theoretical knowledge and practical skills of the professional training cycle during their professional activity; ability to use standards and regulations in practice; the ability to use the theoretical knowledge and practical skills in first aid in cases of emergency and injuries; ability to make informed decisions in their professional activities; ability to assess and ensure the quality of work; capacity for professional mobility; ability to organize work according to the requirements of safety of life and safety in the industry; the ability to practice the principles of medical ethics and deontology; ability to work in a team of dental clinic; the ability to exchange professional experience.

The interviewed ZHIN teachers consider the following professional competences a priority: ability to use theoretical knowledge and practical skills of the professional training cycle during their professional activity (67.8%); the ability to use the theoretical knowledge and practical skills in first aid in cases of emergency and injuries (50.0%); the ability to use the equipment, devices and instruments in practice (53.6%); ability to use standards and regulations in practice (28.6%); ability to make informed decisions in their professional activities (42.9%).

The sequence of professional competencies defined by students includes the ability to use the knowledge in the general training cycle while providing dental care (25.8%); the ability to use the equipment, devices and instruments in practice (37.7%); the ability to use the theoretical knowledge and practical skills in first aid in cases of emergency and injuries (35.1%); ability to make informed decisions in their professional activities (33.7%); ability to assess and ensure the quality of work (36.4%).

Conclusion

The proposed list of general and professional competencies will prepare not only professionals who are skilled in dental procedures technology, but also individuals who are able to work in a team of a dental clinic, make informed decisions, take the initiative. Such specialists are always ready to act independently in situations of uncertainty solving professional and life problems. Such experts are needed at modern dentist labor market.

Prospects for further research

The implementation of competency-based approach to life requires close cooperation between educators, students and potential employers. Further research should focus on identifying the level of dental hygienists training in providing preventive care to the population of Ukraine by the head doctors of dental clinics.

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References

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Published
2018-03-21
How to Cite
Kosenko, V. (2018). THE VALUE OF COMPETENCE-BASED APPROACH IN THE PREPARATION OF DENTAL HYGIENISTS. Ukrainian Dental Almanac, (1), 86-92. Retrieved from https://dental-almanac.org/index.php/journal/article/view/250
Section
METHODOLOGY OF MEDICAL EDUCATION AND SCIENCE