ELECTROPHORETIC CELL ACTIVITY OF BUCCAL EPITHELIUM IN CHILDREN WITH OVERWEIGHT AND CHRONIC CATARRHAL GINGIVITIS

  • V.L. Kostura Danylo Halytsky Lviv National Medical University
  • E.V. Bezvushko Danylo Halytsky Lviv National Medical University
  • N.L. Chukhrai Danylo Halytsky Lviv National Medical University
Keywords: electrophoretic activity of cells of the buccal epithelium, children with overweight, chronic catarrhal gingivitis.

Abstract

World Health Organization emphasizes particularly on the spread of the excess body weight among children. At the basis of the excess body weight in children there are series of metabolic disorders that provoke chronic diseases, among which chronic catarrhal gingivitis is often observed. Shakhbazov found that cells of buccal epithelium can be used as an indicator of local and general disorders of homeostasis of the organism.

The aim of the research

Major aim is to assess electrophoretic activity of the cells of the buccal epithelium in children with chronic catarrhal gingivitis and overweight.

Materials and methods

The study involved 94 overweight children of 12 and 15 years old and 98 children with normal body weight (a comparative group). All examined children were divided into 2 subgroups based on the state of periodontal tissues children with intact periodontal tissues and children with chronic catarrhal gingivitis. Electrophoretic activity of the cells of buccal epithelium was being studied by the V.H.Shahbazov method depending on age, body weight and based on the condition of the periodontal tissues.

Results

According to the research of the electrophoretic activity of cells of the buccal epithelium of children with overweight, on the average, it was 27,63 ± 3,4%,it was lower compared to children within the comparison group (34,11 ± 3,45%) (p >0,05). The most significant difference was found between children of the 15 years old compared to 12 years old (p <0,05). In children who are overweight and the chronic catarrhal gingivitis is present the electrophoretic activity of cells of the buccal epithelium, on average, made 23,51 ± 2,32%, which was lower comparable to children with intact periodontal tissues (31,71 ± 2,18%, p <0,05). A significant difference in the values of the parameters was identified in children of 12 years old with chronic catarrhal gingivitis and overweight (1.5 times) compared to children of 15 years old (at 1.19 times). A similar dependence of indicators of electrophoretic activity of cells of the buccal epithelium was found also between children with normal body weight and considering the state of periodontal tissues. On average, in the presence of chronic catarrhal gingivitis the electrophoretic activity of cells of the buccal epithelium made 30,18 ± 3,65%, that was slightly lower comparable to children with intact periodontal tissues (37,9 ± 3,97%, p>0,05). The most significant difference was noted in children of 12 years old. The certain features of the electrophoretic activity of cells of the buccal epithelium were determined in children with overweight and at the different levels of intensity of chronic catarrhal gingivitis. It was established that the electrophoretic activity of cells of the buccal epithelium during the mild degree of chronic catarrhal gingivitis, on average, made 30,96 ± 2,21%; while during the moderate degree, on average, it made 27,44 ± 2,32% (p>0,05) and in severe degree it was much lower and made 25,32 ± 2,13% (p <0.05), respectively.

Thus, detected changes of the electrophoretic activity of cells of the buccal epithelium in children with overweight in our opinion point at the decrease of the functional possibilities in children and, therefore, may contribute to the occurrence of inflammation in the oral cavity.

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Published
2018-03-21
How to Cite
Kostura, V., Bezvushko, E., & Chukhrai, N. (2018). ELECTROPHORETIC CELL ACTIVITY OF BUCCAL EPITHELIUM IN CHILDREN WITH OVERWEIGHT AND CHRONIC CATARRHAL GINGIVITIS. Ukrainian Dental Almanac, (2), 53-56. Retrieved from https://dental-almanac.org/index.php/journal/article/view/264
Section
CHILDHOOD STOMATOLOGY