INDICATORS OF TOOTH DECAY OF DECIDUOUS AND PERMANENT TEETH OF DIFFERENT GROUPS AND LOCALIZATION OF CAVITIES IN CHILDREN OF 6-7 YEARS WITH ACUTE RESPIRATORY VIRAL INFECTION

  • L. Kaskova Higher State Educational Establishment of Ukraine «Ukrainian Medical Stomatological Academy». Poltava
  • O. Pavlenkova Higher State Educational Establishment of Ukraine «Ukrainian Medical Stomatological Academy». Poltava
Keywords: dental caries, acute respiratory viral infection, localization, permanent teeth, deciduous teeth, intensity index.

Abstract

The article is devoted to lesions by caries of temporary and permanent teeth of different groups and localization of cavities in children 6-7 years who often suffer from acute-respiratory viral infections. The study involved 200 children living in the cit Poltava.

Children of 6 years almost equally affected by teeth caries of the upper and lower jaws in both groups. The mostly exposed the first temporary molars of the upper and lower jaws of ill children, respectively - 27.1% and 28.1%. Second place on the presence of caries is the second mandibular molars, then - the second and first molars of the upper jaw, and behind them - maxillary canines. Children of 6 has caries on central maxillary incisors: 1.5% in healthy children and 1.8% - in ill children. Lateral incisors of the lower jaw are affected the least - 0.8% in healthy children, 0.9% - in ill children. The central incisors of the lower jaw of both groups are intact.

Replacement of deciduous teeth on frontal area reduces the constant proportion of caries-affected incisors of both central and lateral, increased frequency of molars. In this age of lesions of front teeth rather low on both jaws in children of studied groups. The highest leision is in the second temporal mandibular molars.

Localization of cavities on surfaces of deciduous teeth most often in all age are observed, lesions and chewing surfaces approximal both in healthy and in ill children. Much less subject to the caries process vestibular surface of deciduous teeth, but still more caries on these surfaces found in children with high incidence of ARVI.

The most damage chewing surfaces of permanent molars - 100% in 6-year-olds of both studied groups; 50% in healthy children of 7 years and 66.7% at 7 years in ill children. Approximal surface was affected in all groups of children 7 years - 50% in healthy and 33.3% in ill children.

The results showed that caries often affected first and second temporary molars in both healthy and in ill children with ARVI. Cavities are mainly localized on the chewing and contact surfaces. Among the affected permanent teeth of 100% for the first permanent molars in both groups are observed. Cavity is in temporary molars are located on the chewing and contact surfaces.

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References

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Published
2018-03-21
How to Cite
Kaskova, L., & Pavlenkova, O. (2018). INDICATORS OF TOOTH DECAY OF DECIDUOUS AND PERMANENT TEETH OF DIFFERENT GROUPS AND LOCALIZATION OF CAVITIES IN CHILDREN OF 6-7 YEARS WITH ACUTE RESPIRATORY VIRAL INFECTION. Ukrainian Dental Almanac, (2), 69-72. Retrieved from https://dental-almanac.org/index.php/journal/article/view/31
Section
CHILDHOOD STOMATOLOGY