DISEASES OF THE ORAL MAXILLOFACIAL REGION OF REPRESENTATIVES OF UKRAINE OF GOLDEN HORDE TIME

  • L.F. Kaskova Ukrainian Medical Stomatological Academy (Poltava)
  • N.A. Morgun Ukrainian Medical Stomatological Academy (Poltava)
  • O.A. Kulay Ukrainian Medical Stomatological Academy (Poltava)
  • I.Yu. Vashchenko Ukrainian Medical Stomatological Academy (Poltava)
  • A.V. Artemiev Municipal Institution “Center for the Protection and Research of Archaeological Monuments” of Poltava Regional Ad-ministration, Poltava, Ukraine
Keywords: skeleton, Polovtsians, Middle Ages, caries, pаrаdontitis, dental plaque.

Abstract

Abstract. The study of dental diseases defines the most actual manifestation of their processes and it also determines etiological and pathogenic factors.

The aim of the research. The aim of the research was to examine the hard tissues of the oral maxillofacial region of ​​the Golden Horde population, which is considered to be Polovtsian.

Hard tissues and oral maxillofacial areas study of Polovtsian population presents the main topicality of the given research. These investigations have been carried out for the first time.

The aim of the study was to identify the person against the background of the analysis of skeletal remains, to establish their affiliation to one or more individuals, to determine the probable age and sex, to diagnose and interpret pathologies found in human hard tissues.

Object and methods of research. The study of the material was carried out by the method of skeletal tissue analysis of ancient people, developed by the authors of this paper on the basis of the Laboratory of Medical and Historical Anthropology of the Municipal Institution “Center for Protection and Research of Archaeological Monuments” Poltava Regional Administration and the Department of Pediatric Therapeutic Dentistry, UMSA.

Results and discussion. 22 representatives of Polovtsian population of the Golden Horde time were studied (12 men and 10 women).

The obtained results were compared with previously statistically processed results on the basis of the studied 157 representatives of the Middle Ages who lived on the territory of modern Ukraine and belonged to other communities of the Middle Ages.

The total intensity of caries in the study group was 1.6 (according to modern indices - low). The intensity of caries in the group of women was 0.4 (according to modern indices - very low). In the group of men, the figure was 2.8 (according to modern indices - low).

Dental mineralized deposits were found in 10 group members (six men, four women). Three women had deposits like “thin line” shape and one had shape so-called “hanging lump”.

Three men had deposits as a “thin line” shape and three another ones had shape as an “hanging lump”. Other forms have not been identified.

Torus was identified in one man.

Conclusions. Data on the disease and features of the development of the oral maxillary area, which were compared with previously obtained results on the pathology of other communities of medieval times. No significant differences were found.

The obtained indicators, concerning the peculiarities of development and pathology of hard tissues of teeth, the course of periodontal diseases in this group of Polovtsian population, completely coincide with previously published data on groups of the medieval population in the number of 157 skeletons found in modern Ukraine. This indicates the similarity of material and living conditions and the psycho-emotional state of the population at that time.

Pathologies of the dental-maxillary region in representatives of different communities of the Middle Ages who lived in modern Ukraine are similar.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

1. Andrukh SI, Toshchev GN. Mamai-Gora burial ground. Book III. Zaporizhzhia: 2004. p.116-164. (Russian).

2. Andrukh SI, Toshchev GN. Mamai-Gora burial ground. Book IV Zaporozhye: 2009.310 p. (Russian).

3. Artem'ev AV. Evolutionary peculiarities of development of sickness on the teeth of people [author's abstract]. Poltava: VDNZU UMSA;2012.20 p. (Ukrainian).

4. Kaskova LF, Artem'ev AV, vinakhidniki; VDNZU UMSA, legal scholar. Classification of mineralized teeth for localization and for the shape of the circumference of the surface of the teeth. Testimony about the restoration by the author. License No. 45343.2012 Ser 27. (Ukrainian).

5. Kaskova LF, Artem'ev AV, Makovka IL, vinakhidniki; VDNZU UMSA, legal scholar. The table of the field of dental disease and the main indicators of the career of the representatives of the long-standing students. Certificate about the restoration of copyright No. 68698.2016 Fox 10. (Ukrainian).

6. Kaskova LF, Artemiev AV, Makovka IL, Morgun NA, Zaitsev AV. Dental morbidity in the late Middle Ages. Ukrainian Dental Almanac.2016 Ber 17;1(1):90-5. (Russian)

7. Kaskova LF, Artem'ev AV, Polisky MV, Morgun NA, vinakhidniki; UMSA, legal scholar. The main morphometric signs of the third molars (teeth of wisdom), signs for the value of stati on paleoanthropological material. Certificate about the restoration of copyright No. 84506.2019 Sich 16. (Ukrainian).

8. Kaskova LF, Artem'ev AV, vinakhidniki; VDNZU UMSA, legal scholar. Scheme of vivchennya will become a tooth-and-tooth dilyanka from old people (for anthropological materials. Certificate about the restoration of copyright No. 44677.2012 Lip 11. (Ukrainian).

9. Kaskova LF, Artem'ev AV, Chuprina LF, Vaschenko YuІ. vinakhidniki; VDNZU UMSA, legal scholar. The main morphometric indications of the permanent teeth, the designation for the value of the stati on the paleoanthropological material. Certificate about the restoration of copyright No. 83455. 2018 Gro 04. (Ukrainian).

10. Kaskova LF, Chuprina LF, Morgun NA, Polesskiy MV, Artemiev AV. Caries of the population of the early Iron Age of Poltava and adjacent regions as a reflection of social aspects of life. Ukrainian Dental Almanac.2019 Ber 6;1:31-7. (Russian).

11. Kaskova LF, Kulatova IM, Koverko OV, Chuprina LF, Artem'ev AV, Andriyanova OY, vinakhidniki; UMSA, legal scholar. Recommendations to the collection and preservation of odonto-anthropological material with the help of forged medical advice. Certificate about the restoration of copyright No. 95913. 2020 Lut 10. (Ukrainian).

12. Mamonova NN, Romanova GP, Kharitonov VM. Primary processing and determination of anthropological material in the field. Leningrad: Methodology of field archaeological research;1989. p. 50-83. (Russian).

13. Movsesyan AA, Mamonova NN, Rynkov Yug. Program and methodology for the study of skull anomalies. Anthropological issues.1975;51:127-50. (Russian).

14. Toshchev AG, Kaskova LF, Artemiev AV. On the indicators of dental diseases in children of the Nogai population of Ukraine in the 15th century (based on anthropological materials from the Mamai Gora burial ground): a view in the light of new research methods. Ukrainian Dentistry Almanac.2020 Ver 23;3:62-8. (Russian).

15. Schultz M. Zur geschichte der krankheiten. Historical anthropology and bioarcheology of Ukraine. From tripil to cozacchini.2020 Ver 8;II:16-38.
Published
2021-03-23
How to Cite
Kaskova, L., Morgun, N., Kulay, O., Vashchenko, I., & Artemiev, A. (2021). DISEASES OF THE ORAL MAXILLOFACIAL REGION OF REPRESENTATIVES OF UKRAINE OF GOLDEN HORDE TIME. Ukrainian Dental Almanac, (1), 88-92. https://doi.org/10.31718/2409-0255.1.2021.14
Section
CHILDHOOD STOMATOLOGY